SKKN Methodologies of teaching English vocabularies in grade 6



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Môn: Tiếng anh
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Sáng kiến kinh nghiệm “SKKN Methodologies of teaching English vocabularies in grade 6” triển khai gồm các biện pháp nổi bật sau:

Drawing pictures
Using realia
Giving examples
Miming and Total Physical Response
5. Using Synonyms
6. UsingAntonyms
7. Acting it out
8. Brainstorming
9. Pointing
10. Naming
11. Writing a Story
12. Word of the Day
13. Teaching topic vocabulary
14. Root Analysis
15. Using word chain

Mô tả sản phẩm


  • Rationale

Nowadays, English is considered as the most crucial part in our life. It appears in almost necessary materials in all fields in the world, so it can help people in such an important work. If people don’t know something, they can use their English that they have learnt before to read and use materials effectively. Furthermore, we can use English to communicate with other people in the world to exchange our knowledge and experience. From that, we can enrich our soul and deepen our knowledge. Moreover, we are living in science and technology society where English has its own value. If we want to integrate in modern civilizations in the world we have to be good at English. With the meaningful contributions of English, English has become a main subject of many schools in our country in recent years. 

However, learning new thing is difficult and English has no exception. It is true that there are a vast number of new words and phrases that English learners have to face up with. Students often find it difficult to learn and remember all the vocabularies in the English class. As a teacher of English in mountainous areas, I realize that English may be a struggle subject for students. Therefore, the method of teaching new words seemed to be a golden key for learners. 

From the above mentioned reasons, I would like to introduce the study on “Methodology of teaching English vocabulary in secondary schools” to investigate the easiest way of teaching glossary for students to understand and remember. I do my research with the hope of giving some background knowledge and essential information about methods of teaching vocabulary for people who pay attention to. Furthermore, my research can help the teachers of English and students teach and study English bettersomeday.

  1. Objectives

With the above reasons,I myself would like to offer some suggestions on guiding students to learn and use their vocabulary in the most effective way to enhance thestudent’s ability to speak, write and translatepassage better.

  1. Scope of the study
  • About the way of learning and use of English word.
  • Methods of teaching English vocabulary.
  • The skills of learning Englishvocabulary.
  • The students in grade 6 in Quan Hoa secondary and high school.

4.Methods of the study

To achieve the aims and objectives above, a combination of different methods was used in this study. They are:

  •  Collecting materials and data, summarizing and analyzing information from reference books as well as accessing information on web pages from the Internet.
  • Consulting specialists.
  • Personal evaluating the information and the result.
  •  Listing, categorizing types of information.
  1. Design of the study

The study is organized into three parts:

  • Part A is the introduction. It includes the rationale of choosing the topic, the objectives of the study, the scope of the study as well as the methods to be applied.
  • Part B is the development. This part consists of two small part as follows:

+ Part I discusses the general information about vocabulary. In this part, the author of this study presents the generalization of vocabulary, provides some information about the role of vocabulary and which word to learn.

+ Part II deals with the development of the study. This part investigates, analyze and comment the methods of teaching vocabulary through these main types: drawing pictures, using realia, giving examples, miming and total physical response, using synonyms, using antonyms, acting it out, brainstorming, pointing, naming, word of the day, writing a story, teaching topic vocabulary, root analysis, using word chain.

+Part III gives the result of the study.

  • Finally, the study close with part C, the conclusion, which gives a summary of the whole study, carries out the limitation of it and provides suggestions for further study. 


  • General information about vocabulary
  • Definition of vocabulary

There are a lot of definitions of vocabulary, but in my research I would like to introduce some definitions which is familiar to us.

“A person’s vocabulary is the set of words within a language that are unfamiliar to that person. A vocabulary usually develops with age, and serves as a useful and fundamental tool for communication and acquiring knowledge”.( From Wikipedia).Recent vocabulary studies draw on an understanding of lexis, the Greek for word, which in English “refers to all the words in a language, the 2 Teaching Vocabularyentire vocabulary of a language” (Barcroft, Sunderman, & Schmitt, 2011, p. 571).

So vocabulary can be defined as the words of a language, includingsingle items and phrases or chunks of several words which covey a particular meaning, the way individual words do. Vocabulary addresses single lexical items—words with specific meaning(s)—but it also includes lexical phrases or chunks.(Lewis, 1993)

  • The importance of  vocabulary

Vocabulary is central to English language teaching because withoutsufficient vocabulary students cannot understand others or expresstheir own ideas. Wilkins (1972) wrote that “. . . while without grammarvery little can be conveyed, without vocabulary nothing can be conveyed”(pp. 111–112).

Learning vocabulary is a very important part of learning a language. The more words you know, the more you will be able to understand what you hear and read; and the better you will be able to say what you want to when speaking or writing.


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