SKKN Helping grade 8th students at Ha Vinh secondary school remember the way to change an active sentence into a passive sentence in present simple tense and past simple tense

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Môn: Tiếng anh
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Số trang: 21
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Sáng kiến kinh nghiệm “SKKN Helping grade 8th students at Ha Vinh secondary school remember the way to change an active sentence into a passive sentence in present simple tense and past simple tense” triển khai gồm các biện pháp nổi bật sau:

3.1. Here, I present the old method I applied when teaching passive sentences in the present simple and the past simple tense
3.1.1. Passive in simple present
3.1.2. Passive in simple past
3.2. And this is a new method that after years of passive teaching I have learned the experience. I would like to present my method as follows
3.2.1. Passive in simple present
3.2.2. Passive in past simple tense

 

Mô tả sản phẩm

  1. INTRODUCTION
  2. REASON SELECTED THEMES:

In recent years, the teaching and learning of foreign languages ​​in general, in particular in English secondary schools are now due attention and extensive development in our country. Moreover, English courses has become one of the main subjects in graduation exam grade 3 blocks D and implementation University. Foreign language learning in secondary schools has been considered as a core subject with a maximum of 3 periods per week. When English has confirmed its role and importance in schools and at all levels, it is important to improve the quality of teaching and learning. So how to improve the effectiveness of teaching and learning is an essential need not only for learners but especially for those who are directly teaching English. By teaching, as well as by monitoring the learning process of students, especially the 8th grade students in Ha Vinh junior high school when beginning to learn about “passive sentences”, the transfer of a sentence from the sentence Active passive sentence in general is limited, especially the pupils have limited capacity;  In addition, the ability to memorize the practice is not high. Most students are afraid to practice. The reason is because English completely different from the mother tongue, difficult to learn, hard to remember. There are now a lot of research papers on this subject, but when teaching and instructing students, the students find it very difficult to memorize the practice of changing from active sentences to passive sentences. If at the beginning of the practice the transition from active sentence to passive sentence in the present simple and the past simple that students practice well, they will easily acquire knowledge and use that knowledge to do active – passive sentence exercises faster in the rest tenses.

.To help students remember the method of changing a sentence from active  into passive in present simple tense and past simple tense easier and to improve the subject’s quality  and to help students gain the basic knowledge to continue studying English 9 at secondary school, I choose themes: “Helping grade 8th  students at Ha Vinh secondary school remember the way to change an active sentence into a passive sentence in present simple tense and past simple tense”. In this topic, I give a method which I have successfully used during passive voice teaching periods in English 8 progam for several years.

  1. THE GOAL OF RESEARCH:

Changing an active sentence into passive sentence ia a focal and difficult knowledge part in English 8 program as well as in secondary program. Therefore, students must master the method to do this format at the beginning of studying the way to change an active sentence into passive sentence, especially, at the beginning of studying the way to change an active sentence into passive sentence  in present simple tense and past simple tense. But many students have lots of pressure at the beginning of studying passive format, even more difficult for students with weak average academic performance. Sometimes I feel the anxiety of the students when they make mistaken about the passive sentence. And I also noticed the indifference, neglect while learning about passive sentences of some students. Therefore, if they are sure of this method of doing the exercises in the above two, then it is easier for students to do the exercises in the other. Students will be more interested in learning passive sentences in general and English in particular. So I studied the ways to move an active sentence into a passive sentence to find out how to help students easily remember the formula that turns an active sentence into a passive sentence in a memorable, easy way. The students will be in the formula I used to teach from the beginning when you begin to familiarize with the passive sentence.

  1. THE OBJECT AND SCOPE OF THE STUDY: 

+ The object of the research subject is the the method of changing an active sentence into a passive sentence in present simple tense and past simple tense used for grade 8 students in Ha vinh secondary.

+ The result of students’ study after using this method to change an active sentence into a passive sentence in the present simple tense and past simple tense.

  1. RESEARCH METHODS:

During the study process. I myself used some following methods:

+ Survey method of collecting information

+ Documentary study methods

+ Evaluation test method

+ comparative method.

  1. CONTENT OF THE  EXPERIENCE INITIATIVE
  2. THEORETICAL BASIS:

Learning English is a language study, learning a difficult subject in junior high school. In the last few years, English has been raised to the same level of importance as Literature and Mathematics as many high schools choose it as the third test to take into high school. The knowledge of passive sentences is one of the knowledge of certainty in the structure of the test in the English Upper School. Therefore, students must have a definitely knowledge of this part. However, when beginning to learn passive sentences, most students find it very confusing because most sentence components change and change positions. Although in the process of teaching I have instructed the students to study in the form of diagram but they still find it difficult to remember. To help students no longer feel anxious about this problem, forged the students skills to do passive sentence exercises effectively, I have studied how to change an active sentence into a passive sentence in the present simple and the past simple and easy to remember and understand. This makes it easier for students to learn English, especially passive part.

  1. STATE OF THE PROBLEM:

+ As far as the district is distant, access to the new has many limitations, nearly 80% of parents of students working in agriculture, hard life, low educational level, awareness of the importance of the subject is not high … .. It creates a difficult pressure on the teacher during the instruction.

+ Some teachers have limited ability, do not have much experience in teaching, do not really trying to explore, study, donot really invest in teaching, especially not creative in teaching, do not find new methods to help students master the knowledge that teachers teach. 

+ Teachers have not yet grasped the psychology of each student.

+ Teachers have not created the excitement for the students in order to love the teacher and the subject.

+ Grade 8 – Knowledge of the 8th grade English program – which will be the basis for the next 9th grade student good or not? For eighth-graders, the fact of student achievement in the same class, grade level is uneven: most students are weak.

+ Most students feel a lot of pressure when they learn passive sentences. Because if they practice fluently in a passive sentence conversion, then when they learn more passive sentences, they get confused. For students with good academic performance, they only need to explain how they can practice well,

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